HIV prevalance within the prison setting throughout the world is estimated a lot higher than among general population. This is mainly caused by the high rate drug offences among people who use drugs which result impronment. In Indonesia, more than a quarter of inmates in the prison settings are arrested due to drug related offences.
Prison or correctional institutions are where at risk population is concentrated. The estimated HIV prevalence within the prison setting in Indonesia is ranging between 1.1% among male inmates and 6% among female inmates. Sexually Transmitted Diseases, which is syphilis, reaches 5.1% among male inmates and 8.5% among female inmates.